Monday, March 23, 2020

1918 Pandemic: Bacterial Pneumonia as a Cause of Death

We must not shy away from using antibiotics as with Daniel Dae Kim whose physician prescribed him a 'drug cocktail' to treat coronavirus:

This consisted of the antiviral medicine TamiFlu, the antibiotic Azithromycin, a Glycopyrrolate inhaler, and the antimalarial drug Hydroxychloroquine!

Governor of New York: The state has acquired 70,000 doses of Hydroxychloroquine, 10,000 doses of Azithromycin and 750,000 doses of Chloroquine. Trials will start on Tuesday.

Predominant Role of Bacterial Pneumonia as a Cause of Death in Pandemic Influenza: Implications for Pandemic Influenza PreparednessThe Journal of Infectious Diseases DOI: 10.1086/591708 (2008).
David M. Morens, Jeffery K. Taubenberger, and Anthony S. Fauci
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland Oct 1,2008
Background. Despite the availability of published data on 4 pandemics that have occurred over the past 120 years, there is little modern information on the causes of death associated with influenza pandemics.
Conclusions. The majority of deaths in the 1918–1919 influenza pandemic likely resulted directly from secondary bacterial pneumonia caused by common upper respiratory–tract bacteria. Less substantial data from the subsequent 1957 and 1968 pandemics are consistent with these findings. If severe pandemic influenza is largely a problem of viral-bacterial copathogenesis, pandemic planning needs to go beyond addressing the viral cause alone (e.g., influenza vaccines and antiviral drugs). Prevention, diagnosis, prophylaxis, and treatment of secondary bacterial pneumonia, as well as stockpiling of antibiotics and bacterial vaccines, should also be high priorities for pandemic planning.

Swine Flu: WHO Level 5 & The 1976 Vaccine Disaster.

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